1429 - Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc relieves Orléans from English siege.
1661 - China's Ming Dynasty occupies Taiwan.
1672 - Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
1770 - James Cook arrives at and names Botany Bay, Australia.
1854 - The Ashmun Institute is officially chartered, becoming the first college for African American students.
1861 - American Civil War: Maryland's House of Delegates votes not to secede from the Union
1862 - American Civil War: New Orleans falls to Union forces under Admiral David Farragut.
1903 - A 30,000,000-cubic-metre landslide kills 70 in Frank, Alberta, Canada.
1910 - Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
1916 - Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.
1932 - The radio program One Man's Family debuts.
1944 - Dancing Romeo, the last Our Gang film, premiers.
1945 - World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.
1945 - Adolf Hitler marries his long-time partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and he designates Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor.
1945 - Holocaust: The Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.
1946 - Former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders are indicted for war crimes.
1960 - Payola Scandal: Radio disk jockey Dick Clark denies involvement in the scandal in front of a United States House of Representatives subcommittee.
1967 - After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing religious reasons), Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title.
1969 - Jazz musician Duke Ellington receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1970 - Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.
1974 - Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings related to the scandal.
1975 - Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind - The last American citizens begin evacuation from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. United States involvement in the war comes to an end.
1988 - Glasnost: Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev promises increased religious freedoms.
1991 - Richard Cheney gives a speech at the Washington Institute's Soref Symposium explaining why he believed it would have been "a mistake" to invade Iraq.
1992 - 1992 Los Angeles riots: Riots in Los Angeles, California, following the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 54 people will be killed and hundreds of buildings will be destroyed.
1997 - The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.
2002 - The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.
2004 - Richard Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.
Some of that stuff is awesome...well not really. Also...
1951 - Dale Earnhardt, NASCAR racer (d. 2001) and a bunch of unkowns share my bday. And this dude died on me bday.
1980 - Alfred Hitchcock, director (b. 1899)
Thanks buddy loved physco.